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Archive for the ‘Burns Treatments’ Category

General Care of Burns

Burns:

# Reassure the victim and his family.
# Assess the type and degree of burn and its severity.
# Do not break blisters to prevent infection and increased trauma.
# Cool the burned area for several minutes, apply saline solution or cold water (not ice) on the injury. Do not use ice to cool the burned area or apply creams or ointments because they may interfere with or delay medical treatment.
# Cover the burned area with a dressing or a moist saline solution or cold water and fasten with a clean bandage to prevent contamination of the lesion with pathogens.
# Do not apply pressure against the burn.
# If they occur in hands or feet, put gauze between the toes before putting on the bandage.
# Manage a painkiller if necessary to reduce pain, taking into account the precautions of the drug. (Only if strictly necessary).
# Give plenty of fluids by mouth provided the victim is conscious as possible given oral serum.
# If you have burns on face or neck put a pillow under your shoulders and vital signs, cover the burns of the face with sterile gauze or clean cloth by opening holes for the eyes, nose and mouth.
# Get the victim to a hospital.
# Chemical burns
# Wash with running water the burned area (eyes, skin or mucous membranes) for a period not less than 30 minutes.
# Cover the burn a clean cloth to prevent infection. Move it to a hospital.

Electrical Burns:

# Electrical burns can occur anywhere.
# Some sources of power are electrical wires, lightning, faulty electrical appliances and outlets without protection. Contact with any of these sources can make electricity go through the body of a person in its path causing serious injury, disability or death.
# Electrical burns are almost always third grade, with a site of one or more input and output, where you can see charred areas and explosion, generally do not bleed and painless.
# The most important thing to consider are the internal injuries that may occur as respiratory arrest, cardiopulmonary arrest and shock caused by the course of the current between the point of entry and exit point.
# The electricity of high voltage cables can jump or describe a “bow” of 18 meters and killing a person. Therefore, DO NOT get the casualty unless officially inform him that the electric current has been suspended. The electrical and low voltage cables cause lesions of lesser intensity.
# Before giving first aid care, break contact, cutting the flow of the main piping where accessible. If you can not cut the electricity supply do the following:
# Stand on a dry surface of rubber or wood.
# Remove from the electrical source with a wooden or plastic as they are not electrically conductive. NO touch it with your hands because you will receive the shock.
# Assess breathing and pulse, if not present, give CPR.
# Cover the injured area or areas with a towel or clean dry cloth.
# Move it as quickly as possible to a medical center.